Anarchism and Its History in Indonesia
The history of anarchism in Indonesia is quite long. Both in Europe and in Indonesia. Starting from the colonial era until now the movement is still there. In fact, the anarchism movement in Indonesia has fluctuated over a long period of time.
What Is Anarchism?
Anarchism comes from Greek. The word “anarchy” with the prefix a, means “not” or “will not”. Plus Archos which means a “rule”, “leader”, “power”, or “ruler”. The literal meaning is no government or no government. However, the word has another meaning from the Greek dictionary, which means against the ruler and without power.
Meanwhile, anarchism cannot be separated from the root word. Anarchism is a political theory that creates conditions without power, creates an equal society. From there then the movement against all hierarchical control of society.
Movements with political theory are usually in a single movement that opposes various oppressive hierarchies. Many variants of thought grew out of anarchism. For example, the labor movement in anarcho-syndicalist. Anarcho-syndicalists, anarchy individualists, anarcho-communists, and many others.
In this world, several cities are autonomous. Even the city is called a city without a government. The city is called Cherán. Cherán is a city located in the state of Michoacán, Mexico. The city was previously controlled by a narcotics cartel called La Familia Michoacana and corrupt officials who hurt local communities.
Until 2011, the community drove them out of the city of Cherán. Slowly they got up and created a new political system. They live without a mayor and form a council that will later join the city council. Its people live in a communal society.
Another city is Exarchia which is located in Athens. In the district, there is no authority and hierarchy. In 1973, they staged resistance to the Greek military dictatorship. Then there is also the case of the monetary crisis that hit Greece and caused many crises in various cities.
Then there is Catalonia, Spain. Their anarchism groups have grown rapidly since the civil war broke out. Meanwhile, the history of anarchism in Indonesia has its own portion compared to these cities. Anarchism in Indonesia originated in the Dutch East Indies era.
History of Anarchism in Indonesia
Anarchism and its history in Indonesia began in the Dutch East Indies colonial era. This history begins with Edward Douwes Dekker, who was known as Multatuli through his book Max Havelaar. His written work had a major influence on the anarchic in the Netherlands.
Ernest François Eugène Douwes Dekker, the grandson of Multatulis, was a champion of the anti-colonial movement in the Dutch East Indies. He also collaborated with various other anarchist figures, such as Shyamaji Krishnavarma from India.
Not only in Indonesia, but the anarchism movement has also actually been echoed massively in Europe and America. In fact, in Asia, it is also famous in Japan and Korea. The history of anarchism in Indonesia dates back to the Dutch East Indies colonial era. Anarchism in Indonesia originated with Edward Douwes Dekker, known as Multatuli through his book Max Havelaar.