Political Science Chap 1
So reform, we’ll see this later when management in China, the reform leaders in China needed to reform China. One of the issues they considered was type of creating these small organizations with different rules, totally different norms, totally different incentives. And they’d hope that those would affect the way in which people modified, and then that may spillover to neighboring organizations and in that method sort of begin from the bottom and build up a brand new type of reformed political culture.
Those organizations have rules, they have incentives, they’ve rewards techniques, they have punishments that may effect how you will behave inside that organization. Individuals then take keys, they kind of take hints from the group from the rules of the organization and they will respond to these rules, these incentives inside the group.
If We Build It, Will People Come? Not Necessarily
In a second, we will go to the following clip which will talk about political culture as an empirically measurable variable. Daniel Elazar took such an approach in analyzing American political culture. Tracing the settlement patterns of varied immigrant groups, Elazar recognized three main subcultures. The individualistic subculture, discovered in the Mid-Atlantic states and spreading westward, views government as utilitarian, designed to meet the demands of the folks. The appropriate function of presidency is limited primarily to selling financial improvement.
- So what we’re saying is, what individuals know or really feel concerning the political system impacts their behaviour in direction of it.
- We can measure the variations, the quantity of knowledge, how motivated they’re to participate.
- And the definition that we use of political culture is quote, a specific distribution of political attitudes, values, emotions, info, and abilities that affects the behaviour of a nation’s citizens and leaders all through the political system.
Now as we look at the empirical information, we discover that a few of these anticipated results just do not materialize, and therefore we’ve to think about are there different ways that we will take a look at political culture? So another means, second means is this one here, the place political culture is decided by guidelines and incentives inside organizations. Every group, when you’re students, if you’re working in a company, if you’re in a enterprise, some sort of massive organization.
And so, we might argue that, there are specific kinds of enterprise cultures. You know, you talk about an IBM culture, which use to be very stiff and people needed to gown up for work, versus a Microsoft enterprise culture the place folks can come be informal, far more relaxed, right? Maybe talking about Americans in the same folks, but the firm creates a different kind of incentive work environment. And due to this fact the behavior of the people will change based upon that kind of custom that is established, or rules and norms, that’s established inside the organization.
And what that means is that even when you have traditions, and this sort of unfavorable traditions inside Chinese politics, they can be overcome. And they can be overcome by creating new organizations with constructive incentives.